Wiñoy Tripantu - New Year celebration of the Mapuche people in Chile

13-02-2024

(worldkings.org) Wiñoy Tripantu is the Mapuche celebration that marks the return of the sun, often referred to as the Mapuche New Year. It occurs on the June solstice, which is the shortest day of the year in the Mapuche homeland in the Southern Hemisphere. Sometimes, the term We Tripantu is used interchangeably with Wiñoy Tripantu, but some Mapuche language speakers use We Tripantu for the Gregorian calendar New Year (January 1) and reserve Wiñoy Tripantu for the June solstice celebration.

For Chile’s indigenous Mapuche people, We Tripantu is a kind of New Year celebration. The coming of the shortest day and the longest night symbolises the end of the harvesting period of the previous year and the beginning of the new sowing cycle. 

 

 

According to the Mapuche vision of the world, the new sun is born in winter and begins to grow throughout the spring before reaching the prime of its life at the height of summer and fading away again as fall draws on. That’s what makes the winter solstice so important since it marks the moment of the sun’s rebirth.

We Tripantu celebrations may officially begin with the winter solstice on the 21st of June but they well and truly kick off on the evening of the 23rd of June, where family members and the extended community gather together around a fire or stove to eat, drink and tell traditional stories. Folk music is played throughout the night on Mapuche instruments like the tructruca horn, the pifilca flute and the cultrún drum. 

 

 

As the first birds begin to sing around dawn, people head down to nearby rivers and streams to wash and cleanse away anything negative they’ve picked up throughout the year; disease, evil thoughts, bad spirits... it all gets washed away with the river, leaving bathers ready to be renewed by the young sun as it rises for the first time that year.

Food is an important part of any celebration and We Tripantu is no exception. Meats - including chicken, pork, lamb, beef and even horse - are roasted on the fire and traditional delicacies are prepared. 

 

 

Those celebrating drink muday, a cloudy alcoholic drink made from fermented maize or wheat and eat catutos (fried or boiled dough treats dipped in honey), sopaipillas (deep-fried discs of pumpkin dough) and a kind of dense unleavened bread cooked in the embers of the fire. Mote, made from boiled, husked wheat, is also eaten to celebrate We Tripantu.

According to .cascada.travel; en.wikipedia.org. Source of photos: internet 


Bee (Collect) - WORLDKINGS (Source of photos: Internet)

 

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