[WORLDKINGS] Top 100 founders of the companies over 100-years and still in business – P81 - Harold Sidney Harmsworth and Alfred Charles William Harmsworth (UK): The brothers found the Daily Mail, the UK's best-selling daily newspaper with a history of 124 years (1896)


(WorldKings.org) Alfred Charles William Harmsworth (15 July 1865 – 14 August 1922) and Harold Sidney Harmsworth (26 April 1868 – 26 November 1940) were the two founder of the Daily Mail, is a British daily middle-market newspaper published in London in a tabloid format. Between April 2019 and March 2020, the newspaper had an average daily readership of approximately 2.180 million readers.

Born in Chapelizod, County Dublin, the son of Alfred and Geraldine Harmsworth,  Alfred Charles William Harmsworth was educated at Stamford School in Lincolnshire, England, from 1876 and at Henley House School in Kilburn, London from 1878.



Beginning as a freelance journalist, he initiated his first newspaper, Answers (original title: Answers to Correspondents). Harmsworth had an intuitive sense for what the reading public wanted to buy and began a series of cheap but successful periodicals, such as Comic Cuts (tagline: "Amusing without being Vulgar") and the journal Forget-Me-Not for women. From these periodicals, he developed the largest periodical publishing company in the world, Amalgamated Press.

Harmsworth was an early developer of popular journalism. He bought several failing newspapers and made them into an enormously profitable news group, primarily by appealing to the general public. He began with The Evening News during 1894 and then merged two Edinburgh papers to form the Edinburgh Daily Record.



On 4 May 1896 he began publishing the Daily Mail in London, which was a success, having the world record for daily circulation; taglines of the Daily Mail included "the busy man's daily journal" and "the penny newspaper for one halfpenny". Harmsworth then transformed a Sunday newspaper, the Weekly Dispatch, into the Sunday Dispatch, then the greatest circulation Sunday newspaper in Britain. Harmsworth also initiated The Daily Mirror during 1903, and rescued the financially desperate Observer and The Times during 1905 and 1908, respectively. In 1908, he also acquired The Sunday Times.

Harold Sidney Harmsworth was educated at St Marylebone Grammar School, which he left to become a clerk for the Board of Trade.



In 1896, Harold Sidney Harmsworth and his brother Alfred together founded the Daily Mail, and subsequently also launched the Daily Mirror. In 1910 Harmsworth bought the Glasgow Record and Mail, and in 1915 the Sunday Pictorial. By 1921 he was owner of the Daily Mirror, Sunday Pictorial, Glasgow Daily Record, Evening News, and Sunday Mail, and shared ownership of the company Associated Newspapers with his brother Alfred. His greatest success came with the Daily Mirror, which had a circulation of three million by 1922.



When Alfred Charles William Harmsworth died in 1922 without an heir, Harold Sidney Harmsworth acquired his controlling interest in Associated Newspapers for £1.6 million, and the next year bought the Hulton newspaper chain, which gave him control of three national morning newspapers, three national Sunday newspapers, two London evening papers, four provincial daily newspapers, and three provincial Sunday newspapers.



In 1926, Harold Sidney Harmsworth sold his magazine concern, Amalgamated Press, and moved into the field of provincial newspaper publishing. In 1928 he founded Northcliffe Newspapers Ltd and announced that he intended to launch a chain of evening newspapers in the main provincial cities. By the end of 1929, his empire had 14 daily and Sunday newspapers, with a substantial holding in another three.

Today, Daily Mail had an average daily circulation of 1,134,184 copies in February 2020. Between April 2019 and March 2020 it had an average daily readership of approximately 2.180 million readers. Its website (dailymail.co.uk) has more than 218 million unique visitors per month.

According to en.wikipedia

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