Borjomi is famous for its mineral water industry (which is the number one export of Georgia). Archaeological excavations have revealed the existence of stone baths in the area, proving that these mineral waters have been utilized by people for thousands of years. Because of the supposed restorative and healing powers of the area's mineral springs, it is a frequent destination for people with health problems.
This famous resort town of mineral springs is located in the south-central part of the country in the region of Samtskhe-Javakheti, in the picturesque Borjomi Gorge on the eastern edge of the National Park Borjomi-Kharagauli, which covers 700 square kilometres and is considered one of the largest national parks in Europe.
Borjomi mineral water is probably the most famous Georgian brand today. The formation of the mineral water is quite surprising: water is generated within the 10 km depth under the Earth surface from 1,500-year-old volcanic springs, and then under the natural pressure of carbon dioxide, water is literally pushed out to the surface. Upon reaching the surface the water has a temperature of 38-41 C. On its way up through the volcanic rocks of the Caucasus Mountains, the water is enriched with more than 60 kinds of different mineral compounds. On the territory of Borjomi reserve operates a modern factory, equipped with 9 wells to extract water.
Different studies have shown that deep mineralized waters, fresh waters, and slightly saline waters have a favorable impact on human health and are the cure of various ailments. That is why since the days of Imperial Russia was built this wonderful resort, which, thanks to its picturesque scenery, easy access, fresh climate, and, of course, its mineral springs, has become one of the most popular resorts in the former Soviet Union. However, in the course of archaeological excavations, stone baths and clay pipes leading to the springs have been found. This proves that the mineral waters have been used for thousands of years, long before the foundation of the resort.
Borjomi is situated along the gorge of the river Kura. Like many low-mountain resorts, Borjomi is surrounded from all the sides by mountains covered mostly with broadleaf and coniferous forests. Just because of the coniferous forests the air here is always so fresh and full of oxygen that unaccustomed people feel dizzy from the “oxygen euphoria”.
Thanks to the advantages of mineral water resources and green and peaceful valley scenery, Borjomi town has long been an ideal summer vacation spot for Russian Tsar and European aristocracy. Many aristocratic families built summer villas in Borjomi and until now many buildings are still almost intact. One of the most important historic buildings in Borjomi town is the green Firuza palace. It was built in 1892 by the consul of Iran and is considered a unique cultural monument. The building combines characteristics of Persian, Georgian and European styles.
When staying at Borjomi, you can visit Borjomi Museum Of Local Lore. It is one of the oldest museums in Georgia; it first opened its doors in 1926. The building itself was constructed in 1890 and is unique both in its architecture and building materials. Today it houses over 36,000 items, including four permanent exhibits. The Museum offers a full range of information about the town, from the flora and fauna to documents confirming Borjomi mineral water’s medicinal properties. It also contains many of the 18th–19th century glass, bronze, porcelain and wood artifacts that belonged to the Russian Royal family.
According to mygeotrip.com