(America Records Institute - AMRI) Top Ancient and Modern Wonders of the Americas - P39 - Pachamamac (Peru): The land of the Desert Gods


(worldkings.org) Pachacamac, located in the Lurin Valley, may have been in use as a sacred oracle site from the 1st millennium BCE while its settlement began sometime in the early 1st millennium CE. The god Pachacamac, also known as the 'Maker of the Earth', was a creator god who was also associated with earthquakes.

The archaeological site of Pachacamac is a pre-Columbian citadel built around 200 AC to 40 km off southeast Lima that has different adobe and stone palaces, as well as impressive pyramids used as temples by its ancient inhabitants. It was the main pilgrimage center for Lima, Wari, Moche, and Ychma pre-Inca cultures. The complex is home to numerous ancient pyramids, temples, palaces, and many other artifacts that demonstrate the lifestyle of the cultures that occupied it. Despite its great age, most of its structures and constructions can still be distinguished in very good condition.



Pachacamac boasts a diverse architectural landscape. The first section, considered sacred, houses impressive pyramids that functioned as temples. The most prominent among them is the Temple of the Sun, a stepped pyramid showcasing the Inca influence. Adjacent to these temples lies a vast cemetery, hinting at the site's significance in the spiritual lives of its inhabitants.

The second section showcases the administrative and residential areas. Here, archaeologists have unearthed elaborate adobe and stone palaces, suggesting the presence of an elite class. The use of adobe bricks, a common construction material in the region, is evident throughout the site.



Extensive looting over the centuries has undoubtedly diminished the grandeur of Pachacamac. However, ongoing excavations continue to unveil the secrets it holds. The Pachacamac Site Museum plays a crucial role in piecing together the puzzle, showcasing artifacts and providing context to the unearthed structures.



The enduring legacy of Pachacamac lies in its ability to transcend the boundaries of time and culture. It serves as a window into the complex belief systems and architectural ingenuity of the pre-Columbian Andes. Today, Pachacamac remains a powerful draw for visitors, offering a glimpse into a bygone era where faith and innovation thrived in the Peruvian desert.

According to machutravelperu.com

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