The Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO) is an international intergovernmental organization established to perform administrative tasks related to the functioning of the Eurasian patent system and the issuance of Eurasian patents for inventions and industrial designs. EAPO set the rules and is responsible for the expertise and granting of Eurasian patents.
The Eurasian Patent Convention was signed on September 9, 1994 and entered into force on August 12, 1995.
Members of the organization are 8 states that have ratified the Eurasian Patent Convention: Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan (Contracting States). The official language of the organization is Russian. The location of the EAPO headquarters is Moscow (Russian Federation).
On September 9, 2019, in the city of Nur-Sultan, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Protocol on the Protection of Industrial Designs to the Eurasian Patent Convention of September 9, 1994 was signed, according to which the Contracting States expanded the functions of the EAPO in the field of protection of industrial property objects, entrusting the EAPO with providing legal protection of industrial designs on the basis of a single Eurasian patent.
To perform administrative tasks relating to functioning of the Eurasian patent system and grant of Eurasian patents, the Eurasian Patent Convention (EAPC) established the Eurasian Patent Organization with the Eurasian Patent Office (EAPO) acting as its executive body. The main objective of the Eurasian Patent Organization is to provide legal protection for inventions and industrial designs in the Contracting States on the basis of the single Eurasian patent.
The Eurasian patent provides for:
- A simple and inexpensive procedure for obtaining patents with validity in all the Convention’s States party to the Convention (one Eurasian application in one language (Russian) — one examination — a common Eurasian patent);
- Strong Eurasian patents since all Eurasian applications have to undergo substantive examination;
- Harmonised protection of the patentee’s rights within a unitary patent area on the basis of the Convention and other related regulations.
According to Wikipedia & eapo.org