[Worldkings] Top 50 inventions that changed the world (P. 32) Construction robots: Autonomous machines for a safe and productive world of construction

15-05-2023

(Worldkings.org) With its incredible potential for productivity, safety and efficiency, automated robots are changing the construction industry — and it is giving the industry enormous potential to reached the peak.

After decades of using the same techniques and machines, construction robots are here to skyrocket efficiency and productivity within the industry. These robots are autonomous machines that complete tasks on construction sites. It’s possible to retrofit various heavy equipment machines with artificial intelligence to operate and perform duties like a human worker would.

Yet modern construction automation featuring robotics did not take off until after the first industrial robots were invented in the 1950s and the automotive industry put them to work in 1960s. Factory automation spread throughout the industrial world, and construction robotics began to surface in the 1960s and 1970s. Facing a construction-labor shortage due to an aging population and disinterested younger workers, Japan innovated construction automation and robotics in the 1970s and 1980s. Japanese architecture and engineering companies such as the Shimizu Corporation, Obayashi Corporation, and Takenaka Corporation created robots and remote-controlled machines for excavating, handling materials, placing and finishing concrete, fireproofing, earthworks, placing rebar, and other construction tasks.

Despite being traditionally slow to adopt new technologies, 55% of construction companies in the United States, Europe, and China now say they use robots on job sites. Most of the robots working on jobsites today are designed to remove strains on humans, e.g., excavating and lifting heavy objects. Robots that survey and layout markers, tie rebar, and install drywall are also now on the market. Other robots are being developed to perform tasks such as finishing the exterior, steel placement, construction of masonry wall, reinforcement concrete, etc. The main challenge to use robots in site is due to limitation in workspace.

Nowadays, humans can work alongside the robots, or the machines can operate solo without human interference. This technology isn’t new, either. The mining and agriculture industries have been using autonomous equipment for several years now. In the agriculture industry, GPS technology guides heavy equipment machinery along rows of crops. The robots used in construction can achieve similar results.

The three ways autonomous robots are changing the construction industry include:

1. Creating safer work environments: For example, automation in the construction industry can prevent and reduce the number of construction site injuries caused by repetitive stress. As robots take over the more mundane motions involved in a project, workers can avoid overexertion.

2. Improving construction tasks: Construction robots aren’t here to replace the current workforce. Instead, artificial intelligence within the industry is can adapt and improve the actual job, not the people. Many applications of robotics in the construction industry also support surveying, inspection and safety protocols. No matter the project at hand, project assessments and surveillance are crucial each step of the way.

3 Meeting industry demands and labor shortages: Automation is meeting industry demands as the economy continues to grow and as skilled labor forces decrease.

Using robotics in construction reaps benefits, such as addressing labor shortages; constructing on-demand projects; delivering more efficiency and accuracy; producing higher levels of productivity; protecting workers from hazardous environments; and shrinking operating costs and wasted materials.

 

According to monsenengineering.com - Markdavisdesign.com – Wikipedia


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