Artificial intelligence (AI) is the term used to describe the learning, logic, reasoning, perception, and creativity capabilities of machines. These abilities were once thought to be exclusively human, but they are now replicated by technology and used in every industry.
Artificial intelligence is shaping the future of humanity across nearly every industry. It is already the main driver of emerging technologies like big data, robotics and IoT — not to mention generative AI, with tools like ChatGPT and AI art generators garnering mainstream attention — and it will continue to act as a technological innovator for the foreseeable future.
Roughly 44 percent of companies are looking to make serious investments in AI and integrate it into their businesses. And of the 9,130 patents received by IBM inventors in 2021, 2,300 were AI-related.
AI has come a long way since 1951, when the first documented success of an AI computer program was written by Christopher Strachey, whose checkers program completed a whole game on the Ferranti Mark I computer at the University of Manchester.
Since then, AI has been used to help sequence RNA for vaccines and model human speech, technologies that rely on model- and algorithm-based machine learning and increasingly focus on perception, reasoning and generalization. With innovations like these, AI has re-taken center stage like never before — and it won’t cede the spotlight anytime soon.
Many industries are implementing AI today, and it is not just a futuristic concept. Technology plays a direct role in our lives, from the Internet research we do to the products that are delivered to our door with just one click. AI has transformed technology across all sectors and provided solutions to a number of societal issues. AI, especially in computer systems, is the simulation of human intelligence processes. These procedures entail self-correction, inference, and learning.
AI applications include speech recognition, machine vision, and expert systems, as well as finance, national security, healthcare, criminal justice, transportation, and smart cities.
Some people believe AI is beneficial to various industries, professions, and the workforce as a whole, while others believe it is detrimental. The ability of AI to perform a significant amount of skilled work automatically has implications for the human resources needed to carry out the same skilled work. While many industries require multiple tasks, AI can automate the completion of single tasks, one at a time.
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