Top 30 unique islands in the world (P.12) Socotra: Dragon's blood island

26-07-2021

(WorldKings.org) One of the most striking of Socotra's plants is the dragon's blood tree (Dracaena cinnabari), which is a strange-looking, umbrella-shaped tree. Its red sap was thought to be the dragon's blood of the ancients, sought after as a dye, and today used as paint and varnish.

Socotra or Soqotra between the Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Sea, is the largest of the four islands in the Socotra archipelago. In 2013, the archipelago became its own governorate: Socotra Governorate.

The island of Socotra constitutes around 95% of the landmass of the Socotra archipelago. It lies 380 kilometres south of the Arabian Peninsula. While politically a part of Yemen (part of the Arabian Peninsula and thus Western Asia), Socotra and the rest of its archipelago is geographically part of Africa. The island is isolated and home to a high number of endemic species. Up to a third of its plant life is endemic. It has been described as "the most alien-looking place on Earth." The island measures 132 kilometres (82 mi) in length and 49.7 kilometres (30.9 mi) in width. In 2008 Socotra was recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Socotra is considered the jewel of biodiversity in the Arabian Sea. In the 1990s, a team of United Nations biologists conducted a survey of the archipelago's flora and fauna.

One of the most striking of Socotra's plants is the dragon's blood tree (Dracaena cinnabari), which is a strange-looking, umbrella-shaped tree. Its red sap was thought to be the dragon's blood of the ancients, sought after as a dye, and today used as paint and varnish. Also important in ancient times were Socotra's various endemic aloes, used medicinally, and for cosmetics. 

According to wikipedia.org 


Brian (Collect & Edit) - WORLDKINGS (Source of photos : internet )

 

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