Raja Ampat, or the Four Kings, is an archipelago located off the northwest tip of Bird's Head Peninsula on the island of New Guinea, in Indonesia's Southwest Papua province. It comprises over 1,500 small islands, cays, and shoals surrounding the four main islands of Misool, Salawati, Batanta, and Waigeo, and the smaller island of Kofiau.
The name of Raja Ampat (Raja means king, and empat means four) comes from local mythology that tells of a woman who finds seven eggs. Four of the seven hatch and become kings who occupy four of Raja Ampat's biggest islands whilst the other three become a ghost, a woman, and a stone.
Raja Ampat Marine Recreation Park was designated in 2009. It is composed of four marine areas – the waters around northern Salawati, Batanta, and southwestern Waigeo, Mayalibit Bay in central Waigeo, the waters southeast of Misool, and waters around the Sembilan Islands north of Misool and west of Salawati.
The Raja Ampat islands are mostly made of limestone. Many of the smaller islands have rough shapes looking like little mushrooms during low tide. That is because sea water steadily hollows out the lower parts. Despite the rough structure, tropical trees have found nooks and crannies to place their roots. So they provide a habitat for various bird species even on tiny islands.
On the larger islands of Raja Ampat Indonesia we find lush rainforests with majestic trees. Also many other tropical plants, for example wild orchids. Some islands have waterfalls and small mountain ridges. In these forests we can discover further tropical bird species as well as bats and various butterflies. The jungles of Raja Ampat are also home of the endemic Birds of Paradise famous for their amazing mating ceremonies.
According to Conservation International, marine surveys suggest that the marine life diversity in the Raja Ampat area is the highest recorded on Earth. Diversity is considerably greater than any other area sampled in the Coral Triangle composed of Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and East Timor. The Coral Triangle is the heart of the world's coral reef biodiversity, making Raja Ampat quite possibly the richest coral reef ecosystems in the world.
Sea and weather temperatures are stable all year round in the Raja Ampat islands. This makes it very easy to plan your journey. The sea temperature is between 28°C and 29°C all year. Historical weather temperature averages are 30°C during the day and 24°C during the evening. Raja Ampat Indonesia has two seasons and the direction of the wind dominates these rather than the rain. Like many tropical places, Raja Ampat is rainy all year round with tropical showers and sunshine within the same day.
According to Wikipedia