[WORLDKINGS] On this day - September 6, 2023 – The 501st anniversary of Victoria becoming the first ship to circumnavigate the world (1522)


(Worldkings.org) On September 6, 1522, Victoria became the first ship to circumnavigate the world upon returning to Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain.

Victoria or Nao Victoria was a carrack famed as the first ship to successfully circumnavigate the world. Victoria was part of the Spanish expedition to the Moluccas (now Indonesia's Maluku Islands) commanded by the explorer Ferdinand Magellan.



The carrack was built at a Basque shipyard in Ondarroa. Along with the four other ships, she was given to Magellan by King Charles I of Spain. Victoria was an 85-tonel ship with an initial crew of about 42. The expedition's flagship and Magellan's own command was the carrack Trinidad. The other ships were the carrack San Antonio, the carrack Concepción, and the caravel Santiago.

The expedition began from Seville on August 10, 1519, with about 265 sailors on five ships entering the ocean at Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain on September 20th. However, only two of the ships reached their goal in the Moluccas. Thereafter, Victoria was the only ship to complete the return voyage, crossing uncharted waters of the Indian Ocean under Juan Sebastián de Elcano's command to sail around the world.



Victoria arrived in Sanlúcar de Barrameda on 6 September 1522 and returned to Seville two days later as the first ship to circumnavigate the globe. The final leg of the voyage had seen the remaining crew forced to survive by eating nothing but rice, and only 18 men returned from the initial expedition of around 265.

Victoria was later repaired, bought by a merchant shipper and sailed for almost another fifty years before being lost with all hands on a trip from the Antilles to Seville in about 1570.


According to Wikipedia

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