[WORLDKINGS] On this day - May 21, 2023 – The 91st anniversary of Amelia Earhart becoming the first woman to make a solo transatlantic flight (1932)

21-05-2023

(Worldkings.org) The success in 1932 made Amelia Earhart immediately shock the world and proved she was a brave and capable pilot.

Amelia Mary Earhart (born July 24, 1897; disappeared July 2, 1937; declared dead January 5, 1939) was an American aviation pioneer and writer. Earhart was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She set many other records, was one of the first aviators to promote commercial air travel, wrote best-selling books about her flying experiences, and was instrumental in the formation of The Ninety-Nines, an organization for female pilots.

 

During her illustrious career in aviation, she achieved numerous triumphs before disappearing at just 39 years old. For instance, on October 22, 1922, Earhart broke the women’s altitude record after ascending to 14,000 ft (4,267 m). Additionally, in June 1928, she became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean when she joined Wilmer Stultz and Louis Gordon as a passenger on a Fokker F7. These accomplishments led to Earhart breaking the woman's world flying speed record of 181.18 mph (292 km/ph) in the summer of 1930.

Following these feats, Earhart’s confidence was at a high heading into 1932. In May of that year, she became the first pilot to repeat Charles Lindbergh's famous transatlantic venture to fly nonstop across the Atlantic. She flew solo from Harbour Grace, Newfoundland to Culmore, Northern Ireland on a trip that took 15 hours.

On the morning of May 20, 1932, 34-year-old Earhart set off from Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, with a copy of the Telegraph-Journal, given to her by journalist Stuart Trueman to confirm the date of the flight. She intended to fly to Paris in her single engine Lockheed Vega 5B to emulate Charles Lindbergh's solo flight five years earlier. Her technical advisor for the flight was famed Norwegian American aviator Bernt Balchen, who helped prepare her aircraft. He also played the role of "decoy" for the press as he was ostensibly preparing Earhart's Vega for his own Arctic flight.

On May 21, 1932, after a flight lasting 14 hours, 56 minutes, during which she contended with strong northerly winds, icy conditions and mechanical problems, Earhart landed in a pasture at Culmore, north of Derry, Northern Ireland.

 

As the first woman to fly solo nonstop across the Atlantic, Earhart received the Distinguished Flying Cross from Congress, the Cross of Knight of the Legion of Honor from the French Government and the Gold Medal of the National Geographic Society from President Herbert Hoover.

 

According to Wikipedia & simpleflying.com


Kyna ( Collect) - WORLDKINGS (Source of photos: Internet)

 

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