King Kong is a 1933 American pre-Code adventure horror monster film directed and produced by Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack, with special effects by Willis H. O'Brien. Produced and distributed by RKO Radio Pictures, it is the first film in the King Kong franchise. The film stars Fay Wray, Robert Armstrong and Bruce Cabot. In the film, a giant ape dubbed Kong attempts to possess a beautiful young woman.
Originally developed by Merian C. Cooper, who was inspired by books about Africa from his childhood, movie studio executives initially rejected his expensive monster project in the early years of the Great Depression.
After being impressed with the stop-motion effects being used on other films at RKO studios, Cooper hired Edgar Wallace to create a screenplay based on his idea. A number of King Kong models were built, mainly out of foam rubber, latex and rabbit fur. Other innovative techniques were used, such as combining the live-action with the stop-motion.
King Kong premiered in New York City on March 2, 1933. The film was released on April 7 to great success with many critics at the time praising the special effects. distinction and stop-motion action. King Kong was a box-office success, earning about $5 million in worldwide rentals on its initial release, and an opening weekend estimated at $90,000.
King Kong has since been ranked by Rotten Tomatoes as the greatest horror film of all time and the fifty-sixth greatest film of all time. In 1991, it was deemed "culturally, historically and aesthetically significant" by the Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry. A sequel, titled Son of Kong, was fast-tracked and released the same year, with several more films made in the following decades, including two remakes that were made in 1976 and 2005 respectively, and a reboot – ‘Kong: Skull Island’ in 2017.
According to Wikipedia & onthisday.com