[WORLDKINGS] On this day - February 10, 2023 - 160th anniversary of the first U.S. fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane of Virginia (1863)


(Worldkings.org) The 10.02. of each year it is the international day of the fire extinguisher. The choice of the date 10.02. is no coincidence. On 10.02.1863, the patent for a fire extinguisher was registered by Alanson Crane from Virginia/USA.

Fire suppression systems became considerably more advanced by the late 1700s. More than just water, they utilized chemical reactions to smother the fires, first just with plain saltwater and then with carbon tetrachloride for electrical fires. The technology of the fire retardant delivery improved much, too.


Although man has fought fire for centuries, it was not until 10 February 1863 that the first fire extinguisher patent was issued to Alanson Crane of Virginia.

Alanson Crane of Fortress Monroe, Virginia was granted U.S. Patent No. 37,610, which involved the installation of system of water pipes running through the walls and ceilings of a building. A stopcock valve with a locking cover located outside the building allowed a user to flow water through the pipes in the event of a blaze to extinguish the fire.

The patent shows drawings of a network of pipes in the building through which the extinguishing agent should also reach the upper parts of the building.


Little is known about Crane himself, and numerous patents were granted to fire extinguisher inventions around the same time as his. But it is very likely his worked on the same oxygen-deprivation principle of firefighting. Besides, his tube-container was a step up from the fire suppression glass “grenades” that were previously the most popular form of emergency firefighting.


Source: Internet

Kyna ( Collect) - WORLDKINGS (Source of photos: Internet)


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