[WORLDKINGS] On this day - April 27, 2023 – The 18th anniversary of Airbus A380 - The world's largest commercial aircraft successfully made its first flight (2005)

27-04-2023

(Worldkings.org) Aviation history was made on April 27, 2005 when the first A380, the world's largest commercial aircraft, successfully took off on its maiden flight leaving Blagnac International Airport in Toulouse, France.

The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, four-engine, second-aisle wide-body jet airliner and the largest passenger airliner in the world to date, developed by Airbus. The project was originally named Airbus A3XX and was designed to compete directly with the Boeing 747 in the wide-body aircraft market. The A380 made its maiden flight on April 27, 2005.

 

The A380's first flight is being jointly captained by Claude Lelaie, Senior Vice President of Airbus' Flight Division and Chief Test Pilot and Vice President Jacques Rosay. The other crew members are Fernando Alonso, Vice President Flight Division, Flight Test Engineering, who leads a team of two other flight test engineers Jacky Joye and Manfred Birnfeld, and test flight engineer Gérard Desbois.

For its first flight, Airbus' 21st-century flagship, carrying the registration F-WW0W, took off at a weight of 421 tonnes / 928,300 lbs, the highest ever of any civil airliner at take-off to date. It was powered by four Rolls-Royce Trent 900 engines. In addition to water ballasts, the equipment on board the A380 comprised a full set of flight-test instrumentation to record the thousands of parameters necessary to enable in-flight performance analysis. Being a true twin-aisle double-decker, the test A380 was fitted with two test instrumentation sets and working stations, one on the main deck and another on the upper deck.

Prior to taking off, the A380 had successfully completed a series of ground tests, which started in the summer of 2004 when the electrical power was put on for the first time. Since then Airbus systematically and exhaustively tested all A380 systems, from hydraulics to electrics, and all parts of the airframe structure, including static testing and wing and fuselage load testing; a programme that carried out over thousands of hours at centres across France, Germany, and the UK.

 

The first flight marked the beginning of a flight test campaign involving as many as 2,500 hours of test flights on a total of five development aircraft. This rigorous sequence of test flights led to the certification of the A380 by the European and US airworthiness authorities, allowing the world’s largest commercial airliner to enter into service in the second half of 2006 with first operator Singapore Airlines.

The 555-seat A380, Airbus' newest and largest aircraft, offered unequalled passenger comfort, longer range and much lower operating costs thanks to state-of-the-art technology and its engines minimize noise, fuel burn and emissions. The A380 was a significant evolutionary step in the history of commercial aviation that helped ease congestion at major airports by transporting more people more efficiently than ever on the world's major air routes.

As of December 2021, the global A380 fleet had completed more than 800,000 flights over 7.3 million block hours with no fatalities and no hull losses. As of December 2022, there were 237 aircraft in service with 16 operators worldwide.

 

According to airbus.com & Wikipedia 


Kyna ( Collect) - WORLDKINGS (Source of photos: Internet)

 

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