[WORLDKINGS] Top 500 Constant World Records (P.392) Eileen Collins (USA): The world's first female space shuttle pilot

31-12-2022

(Worldkings.org) A former flight instructor and test pilot, Eileen Collins was the first woman to fly the Space Shuttle in the United States and also in the world. On December 31st, 2022, World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared Eileen Collins as the “The world's first female space shuttle pilot.”

Based on the world record nomination from America Records Institute (AMRI) and Decision No. WK/USA.INDIA/946/2022/No.402, World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared Eileen Collins as the “The world's first female space shuttle pilot” on December 31st, 2022.

Eileen Collins, in full Eileen Marie Collins, (born November 19, 1956, Elmira, New York, U.S.), is a retired NASA astronaut and United States Air Force (USAF) colonel. A former flight instructor and test pilot, Collins was the first woman to pilot the Space Shuttle and the first to command a Space Shuttle mission.

She graduated with a bachelor’s degree in mathematics and economics from Syracuse (New York) University in 1978. She then became one of four women admitted to Air Force Undergraduate Pilot Training at Vance Air Force Base in Oklahoma. The first women astronauts were doing their parachute training at the same base at that time, and Collins realized that the goal of becoming an astronaut was within reach. In 1979 she became the Air Force’s first female flight instructor and for the next 11 years taught both flying and math.

She continued her training at the Air Force’s Institute of Technology and was one of the first women to attend Air Force Test Pilot School, from which she graduated in 1990. She eventually achieved the Air Force rank of colonel. She also earned an M.S. in operations research from Stanford University in 1986 and an M.A. in space systems management from Webster University, St. Louis, Missouri, in 1989.

Selected as an astronaut in 1990, Collins became the first woman pilot of a U.S. space shuttle in February 1995, serving on the orbiter Discovery for a rendezvous and docking mission to the Russian space station Mir. She piloted a second shuttle flight in May 1997, successfully docking the Atlantis with Mir to transfer personnel, equipment, and supplies. With hundreds of hours in space to her credit, Collins became the first woman to command a shuttle mission in July 1999, taking Columbia into Earth orbit to deploy the Chandra X-ray Observatory.

Collins retired from the U.S. Air Force in 2005 and from NASA in 2006. In 2007 she joined the board of the United Services Automobile Association.

 

According to britannica.com; en.wikipedia.org


Kyna ( Collect) - WORLDKINGS (Source of photos: Internet)

 

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