[WORLDKINGS] Top 500 Constant World Records (P.391) Svetlana Savitskaya (Russia): The world's first woman to walk in space


(Worldkings.org) Svetlana Savitskaya flew aboard Soyuz T-7 in 1982, becoming the second woman in space. On her 1984 Soyuz T-12 mission she became the first woman to fly to space twice, and the first woman to perform a spacewalk. On December 29th, 2022, World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared Svetlana Savitskaya as the “The world's first woman to walk in space.”

Based on the world record nomination from Europe Records Institute (EURI) and Decision No. WK/USA.INDIA/945/2022/No.401, World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared Svetlana Savitskaya as the “The world's first woman to walk in space” on December 29th, 2022.

Svetlana Savitskaya, full name Svetlana Yevgenyevna Savitskaya (Russian: Светла́на Евге́ньевна Сави́цкая; born 8 August 1948) is a Russian former aviator and Soviet cosmonaut. Svetlana Savitskaya was born in a privileged family. Her father, Yevgeny Savitsky, was a highly decorated fighter pilot during the Second World War, which later brought him to the position of Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Soviet Air Defense. Her mother was a Moscow Communist party leader.

She is a test pilot and a sports jet pilot - starting in 1974. She has set 18 international records in MiG flight and 3 records in team skydiving. She won 1st place in the 6th World Aerobatic Championship (6th World Aerobatic Championship) of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale in 1970, 3rd in 1972 and 5th place in 1976.

In December 1981, Savitskaya prepared for her first space flight, a short-term flight to the space station Salyut 7. She held the position of research cosmonaut on this mission. The launch of Soyuz T-7 took place on August 19, 1982. This made Savitskaya the second woman in space, 19 years after Valentina Tereshkova.

On July 17, 1984, Savitskaya launched aboard Soyuz T-12, together with Commander Vladimir Dzhanibekov and research cosmonaut Igor Volk. On July 25, 1984, Savitskaya became the first woman to spacewalk, conducting EVA outside the Salyut 7 space station for 3 hours and 35 minutes, during which she cut and welded metals in space along with her colleague Vladimir Dzhanibekov.

Of the 57 Soviet/Russian spacewalkers through 2010, she is the only woman, and as of April 2020 is still the only Soviet/Russian woman to walk in space. The return to Earth took place on July 29, 1984.

Savitskaya retired in 1993 from the Russian Air Force with the rank of Major. Currently, she is a member of the State Duma of Russia, representing the Communist Party of the Russian Federation.


According to Wikipedia

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