[WORLDKINGS] The Constant World Records Seeking Journey (P.68) Gaumont Film Company – World’s first film company


(WorldKings.org) The Gaumont Film Company often shortened to Gaumont, is a French major film studio founded in 1895. On November 28, 2020, World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared Gaumont Film Company as “World’s first and oldest film company”.

Based on the world record nomination from Europe Records Institute (EURI) and Decision No. WK/USA.INDIA/622/2020/No.78, World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared Gaumont Film Company as the world’s first and oldest film company.



The studio was founded in 1895 by Léon Gaumont (1864-1946) in Neuilly-Sur-Seine, France. Originally dealing in photographic apparatus, the company began producing short films in 1897 to promote its make of camera-projector.

From 1905 to 1914, its Cité Elgé studios (from the normal French pronunciation of the founder's initials L-G) at La Villette, France, were the largest in the world. Gaumont began producing full-length feature films in 1908. The company manufactured its own equipment and mass-produced films until 1907, when Louis Feuillade became the artistic director of Gaumont.



Gaumont opened foreign offices and acquired the theatre chain Gaumont British, which later notably produced several films directed by Alfred Hitchcock such as The 39 Steps (1935) and The Lady Vanishes (1938). Along with its competitor Pathé Frères, Gaumont dominated the motion-picture industry in Europe until the outbreak of World War I in 1914.

Following World War I, Gaumont suffered economic losses due to increased competition from American Hollywood productions. In 1925, the studio's output decreased to only 3 films. In 1937, the studio ceased production and operated only as a theater and distribution company. The company was purchased by the French corporation Havas in 1938, renamed Société Nouvelle des Etablissements Gaumont and reopened its film production studio.



However, the global interest in French New Wave films in the 1950s, as well as the permissiveness within French films (e.g., nudity), allowed French productions to successfully compete against an American cinema that was still burdened by conservative moral codes. The period was to see the return to prominence of Gaumont Studios.

From 1993 to early 2004, Gaumount and Disney made a partnership for producing films for theater distribution. In 2001, Gaumont spun off the cinema division into a joint-venture with Pathé since known as Les Cinémas Gaumont Pathé.



Gaumont currently has 938 films in its catalogue, most of which are in French; there are, however, some exceptions, such as Luc Besson's The Fifth Element (1997). The two biggest films that Gaumont owns the rights of are Jean-Marie Poiré's Les Visiteurs, with a box-office of $98 million, and the 2011 blockbuster Intouchables, became France's highest-grossing movie of all time with a box office of $427 million.



The company has also produced television shows, including seven animated series: Highlander: The Animated Series, Space Goofs, The Magician, Dragon Flyz, F Is for Family, and Sky Dancers (the second and third are based on their respective toy lines), and the very popular Oggy and the Cockroaches.

According to en.wikipedia


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