[WORLDKINGS] The Constant World Records Seeking Journey (P.282) Čičmany (Slovakia): World’s first folk architecture reserve

19-04-2022

(worldkings.org) Čičmany was established in 1977, ensuring the protection of its buildings, and unique cultural heritage. On April 19th, 2022, World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared Čičmany as “World’s first folk architecture reserve”.

Based on the world record nomination from Europe Records Institute (EURI) and Decision No. WK/USA.INDIA/836/2022/No.292, World Records Union (WorldKings) officially Čičmany as world's first folk architecture reserve on April 19th, 2022.

Čičmany is a village and municipality in Žilina District in the Žilina Region of northern Slovakia. It contains a folk architecture reserve. The name is derived from a Slovak word čičman (a lumberjack who makes a noise while working). The municipality lies at an altitude of 655 meters and covers an area of 25.611 square kilometers.  It has a population of about 204 people.

The tiny village of čičmany looks just like it did hundreds of years ago, untouched by time. But this is no ordinary preservation area. The village is full of black timber houses, each one decorated with intricate traditional patterns in white lime paint. Literally street after street is lined with folk art.

Although the records of the village at Čičmany date back to the 13th century, covering the houses in lacy, geometric and stylized patterns is a much later tradition. It began around 200 years ago, when white lime would be used to help preserve damaged wood. The image of the bright lime pigment on the dark wood was striking, and people began elaborating on themes, eventually covering most of the timber-frame structures with remarkably uniform designs. 

The buildings that line the little streets today are actually even more modern, although in the traditional folk architecture. In 1921 a fire raced through the village, and many structures had to be restored. With the help of the Slovakian government, funds were made available to keep Čičmany as it had been for centuries. It was established in 1977 as the world’s first folk architecture reserve, ensuring the protection of its buildings, and unique cultural heritage.

According to en.wikipedia; atlasobscura


Brian (Collect & Edit) - WORLDKINGS (Source of photos : internet )

 

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