[WORLDKINGS] The Constant World Records Seeking Journey (P.169) Salyut 1: World's first space station

22-07-2021

(Worldkings.org) On April 19, 1971, the Soviet Union successfully launched the Salyut 1 space station. This was the first Soviet space station, and also the world's first space station.

Based on the world record nomination from Europe Records Institute (EURI) and Decision No. WK/USA.INDIA/723/2021/No.179, World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared Salyut is the "World's first space station" on July 22, 2021.

Salyut 1 (DOS-1) (Russian: Салют-1) was the world's first space station launched into low Earth orbit by the Soviet Union on April 19, 1971. The Salyut program followed this with five more successful launches of seven more stations. The final module of the program, Zvezda (DOS-8), became the core of the Russian segment of the International Space Station and remains in orbit. It was also the world's first crewed space station.
 

 

Salyut 1 was modified from one of the Almaz airframes, and was made out of five components: a transfer compartment, a main compartment, two auxiliary compartments, and the Orion 1 Space Observatory. Salyut 1 station has a length of 20m, the largest seat diameter is 4m. Salyut 1 is launched first into orbit, after which the astronauts will fly to the space station by Soyuz spacecraft. On April 25, 1971, Soyuz 10 was connected to Salyut 1.

 

 

Salyut 1 was visited by Soyuz 10 and Soyuz 11. The hard-docking of Soyuz 10 failed and the crew had to abort this mission. The Soyuz 11 crew achieved successful hard docking and performed experiments in Salyut 1 for 23 days. 

According to Wikipedia

 

Kimmy (Collect) - World Records Union (WorldKings)

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