[WORLDKINGS] The Constant World Records Seeking Journey (P.163) Sophia - World's first robot citizen


(Worldkings.org) On October 25, 2017, Sophia, a delicate looking woman with doe-brown eyes and long fluttery eyelashes made international headlines. She'd just become a full citizen of Saudi Arabia - the first robot in the world to achieve such a status. On July 8th, 2021World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared Sophia as “World's first robot citizen”.

Based on the world record nomination from Asia Records Institute (ASRI) and Decision No. WK/USA.INDIA/717/2021/No.173, World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared Sophia as the world's first robot citizen on July 8th, 2021.

Sophia is a social humanoid robot developed by Hong Kong-based company Hanson Robotics. Sophia was first activated on February 14, 2016. The robot, modeled after the ancient Egyptian Queen Nefertiti, Audrey Hepburn, and her inventor's wife, Amanda Hanson, is known for human-like appearance and behavior compared to previous robotic variants. She made her first public appearance at Southwest Festival in March 2016 at Austin, Texas, USA.



On October 2017, Sophia was given citizenship of Saudi Arabia – the first robot to be given legal personhood anywhere in the world.

"I am very honored and proud of this unique distinction. This is historical to be the first robot in the world to be recognized with a citizenship," Sophia said, announcing her new status during the Future Investment Initiative Conference in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

As of 2018, Sophia's architecture includes scripting software, a chat system, and OpenCog, an AI system designed for general reasoning. Sophia imitates human gestures and facial expressions and is able to answer certain questions and to make simple conversations on predefined topics (e.g. on the weather). Sophia uses speech recognition technology from Alphabet Inc. and is "designed to get smarter over time". Her speech synthesis ability is provided by Cereproc's Text-to-Speech engine and also allows her to sing. Sophia's intelligence software is designed by Hanson Robotics. The AI program analyses conversations and extracts data that allows it to improve responses in the future.

Hanson designed Sophia to be a suitable companion for the elderly at nursing homes, or to help crowds at large events or parks. He has said that he hopes that the robot can ultimately interact with other humans sufficiently to gain social skills. Sophia is marketed as a "social robot" that can mimic social behavior and induce feelings of love in humans.

According to en.wikipedia; forbes.com and wired.co.uk.



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