[WORLDKINGS DISCOVERY] Record Nominations – P16. Salar de Uyuni (Southwest Bolivia) : The World’s largest salt flat.

18-01-2020

(WorldKings.org) Salar de Uyuni (or Salar de Tunupa) is the world's largest salt flat, at 10,582 square kilometers. It is in the Daniel Campos Province in Potosi in southwest Bolivia.

The Salar was formed as a result of transformations between several prehistoric lakes. It is covered by a few meters of salt crust, which has an extraordinary flatness with the average elevation variations within one meter over the entire area of the Salar. The crust serves as a source of salt and covers a pool of brine, which is exceptionally rich in lithium.  Lithium is concentrated in the brine under the salt crust at a relatively high concentration of about 0.3%. It is also present in the top layers of the porous halite body lying under the brine. However, the liquid brine is easier to extract, by boring into the crust and pumping out the brine. The brine distribution has been monitored by the Landsat satellite and confirmed in ground drilling tests.

 

 

 

Piles of salt

 

Water covering The Salar in the wet season (December - March)

 

The world's largest natural mirror

 

The Salar is virtually devoid of any wildlife or vegetation. The latter is dominated by giant cacti (Echinopsis atacamensis pasacana). They grow at a rate of about 1 cm/a to a height of about 12 m. Other shrubs include Pilaya, which is used by locals to cure catarrh, and Thola (Baccharis dracunculifolia), which is burned as a fuel. Also present are quinoa plants and Polylepis rugulosa  bushes.

 

Giant cacti in The Salar

 

Quinoa tree

 

Every November, Salar de Uyuni is the breeding ground for three species of pink South American flamingo: the Chilean, Andean, and rare James’s flamingos, their color presumably originating from feeding on pink algae. About 80 other bird species are present.

 

 

Flamingo Chilean

 

Jame's Flamingo

According to en.wikipedia


Bee (Collect) - WORLDKINGS (Source of photos: Internet)

 

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