[RECORD NOMINATION] Europe Records Institue (EURI) – P1. Orto Botanico di Pisa (Italy) : The first and oldest university botanical garden in Europe


(WorldKings.org) The Orto botanico di Pisa, also known as the bontical garden of Pisa operated by the University of Pisa, and located at via Luca Ghini 5, Pisa, Italy

The garden was established in 1544 under Cosimo I de’ Medici as the first university botanical garden in Europe, and entrusted to the famous botanist Luca Ghini of Imoda.



Now located at via Luca Ghini 5 in Pisa, the garden has been moved twice, once in 1563, and then again in 1591. These relocations have required the title of “oldest botanical garden” to be split between Ghini’s garden and the Bontical Garden of Padua, established a year later but still flourishing in its original location, making it the oldest botanical garden still in its place of origin. 




Split hairs aside, the Pisa garden is a phenomenal place to lose yourself in the delicate art and science of botany. Operated by the University of Pisa, the grounds include fountains, ponds, a library, greenhouses, herb gardens, one of the oldest iron-framed hothouses in Italy, and the former seashell adorned botany institute, in use from 1591-1595. 



For centuries, the botanical garden has been collecting illustrations, artwork, seeds, rare and endangered specimens, and scientific journals, Along with the 148 flower beds and ancient Ginkgo biloba trees planted in 1787, some of the garden’s most impressive treasures include their Pharaonic collection—examples of specimens found in the ancient Egyptian tombs—and their impressive aquatic plant collection, some of which are so endangered, they are no longer found in any natural environment. 




Also known as the Orto Botanico dell’Università di Pisa, the gardens offer free admission to students, children and seniors every weekday morning, and the gallery of natural objects should not be missed. 


According to Atlas Obscura.

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