(Europe Records Institute - EURI) Top Europe's Architectural Masterpieces (P.08) - Hadrian's Gate (Turkey): A bridge between the past and the present

02-02-2024

(WorldKings.org) Known as Hadriyanüs Kapısı in Turkish, and discovered in 1817 by Irish-British hydrographer Rear Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort the gate was part of the city’s outer walls and became an important gateway after its completion.

Hadrian's Gate resembles a typical Roman triumphal arch. Its three archways are of the same size - 4.15 meters wide and 6.18 meters in height, measured to the top of the arc. The whole structure has a height of more than 8 meters from the ancient pavement to the top of the entablature.

 

In the front and back of the gate, you’ll be able to see beautifully adorned façades that are made from four columns each and composed of white marble, except the column shafts, which are granite. The entablature on the very top of the gate is also quite noteworthy and extends to both sides with a height of 1.28 meters, including a frieze decorated with floral motifs and an ornate cornice that shows lion heads among other visuals. 

The barrel vaults over the archways are decorated with caissons, each of which has a distinct decoration - floral motifs and rosettes.

 

Southern tower (the one on the left looking from the Atatürk Boulevard) is from the Roman era, but it was, most probably, built independently from the gate. The architectural distinctness of the tower seems to confirm this theory. This structure is called the tower of Julia Sancta, and its ancient origins are testified by a stone inscription.

 

The northern tower (on the right) was rebuilt during the reign of the Seljuk sultan Alaeddin Keykubat I, that is, in the first half of the thirteenth century AD. Only its lowest part has been preserved from Roman times. There is also an inscription on this tower, written in Old Turkish language, but in Arabic script.

Both the front and the back side of the gate are adorned by the façades, composed of four columns each. The monument was built of white marble, with the exception of granite column shafts. The capitals of the columns are of the composite order, i.e. they combine the volutes of the Ionic order capital with the acanthus leaves of the Corinthian order.

 

Reflecting the magnificence and majesty of ancient times with all its richness in one of the most modern streets of Antalya, Hadrian's Gate is one of the most valuable historical artifacts among the city's symbols and virtually establishes a bridge between the past and the present.

 

According to the Internet


Esther (Collect & Edit) - WORLDKINGS (Source of photos: Internet)

 

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