WORLDKINGS - Worldkings News - Asia Records Institute (ASRI) – Bam Citadel: World's largest adobe building

02-03-2021

(Worldkings.org) The planning and architecture of the citadel are thought out from different points of view. From the present form of the citadel, one can see that the planner(s) had foreseen the entire final form of the building and city, from the first steps in the planning process.

The Arg-e Bam, located in the city of Bam, Kerman Province of southeastern Iran, is the largest adobe building in the world. The entire building was a large fortress containing the citadel, but because the citadel dominates the ruins, the entire fortress is now named Bam Citadel.

Listed by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Site "Bam and its Cultural Landscape", it can be traced back to at least the Achaemenid Empire (sixth to fourth centuries BC). The citadel rose to importance from the seventh to eleventh centuries, as a crossroads along the Silk Road and other important trade routes, and as a producer of silk and cotton garments.

On December 26, 2003, the Citadel was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake, along with much of the rest of Bam and its environs. A few days after the earthquake, the President of Iran, Mohammad Khatami, announced that the Citadel would be rebuilt.

The planning and architecture of the citadel are thought out from different points of view. From the present form of the citadel, one can see that the planner(s) had foreseen the entire final form of the building and city, from the first steps in the planning process. During each phase of building development, the already-built part enjoyed a complete figure, and each additional part could be "sewn" into the existing section, seamlessly.

The citadel is situated in the center of the fortress-city, on the point with the widest view, for security.

In the architectural form of the citadel, there are two different distinguishable parts:

The rulers' part in the most internal wall, holding the citadel, barracks, mill, 4-season house, water-well (dug in the rocky earth and about 40 metres deep), and a stable for 200 horses.

The ruled-over part surrounding the rulers' place, consisting of the main entrance of the entire fortress-city and the bazaar, alongside of the North-to-South spinal axis (which connects the main entrance to the citadel), and around 400 houses with their associated public buildings, such as a school and sport place.

Among the houses, three different types are recognizable: Smaller houses with 2–3 rooms for the poor families. Larger houses with 3–4 rooms for the middle social class, some of which also have a veranda.

The most luxurious houses with more rooms oriented in different directions suitable for different seasons of the year, together with a big court and a stable for animals nearby. There are few of this type of houses in the fortress.

All buildings are made of non-baked clay bricks, i.e. adobe. Prior to the 2003 earthquake, Bam Citadel was most likely the largest adobe structure in the world.

In 1976, the Citadel was used as the major location site for Valerio Zurlini's film, The Desert of the Tartars.

According to en.wikipedia

 


Taro (Collect & Edit) - WORLDKINGS (Source of photos : internet )

 

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