The José Martí Memorial is a memorial to José Martí, a national hero of Cuba, located on the northern side of the Plaza de la Revolución in the Vedado area of Havana. It consists of a star-shaped tower, a statue of Martí surrounded by six columns, and gardens. It is the largest monument to a writer in the world.
The 109 m tower, designed by a team of architects led by Raoul Otero de Galarraga, is in the form of a five-pointed star, encased in grey Cuban marble from the Isla de Pinos. The design was eventually selected from various entries put forward from a series of competitions beginning in 1939.
Entries included a version of the tower topped with a statue of Martí, and a monument similar to the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. with a statue of Martí seated within. The fourth competition held in 1943 resulted in the selection of a design by the architect Aquiles Maza and the sculptor Juan José Sicre.
The selected design includes an enclosed observation deck on the top floor, the highest point in Havana, accessible by elevator which gives commanding views over the city in all directions.
Housed on the ground floor of the tower which overlooks the city, the memorial features two rooms of correspondence, writings and items from the life of José Martí and displays relating his life story. A third room illustrates the history of the Plaza de la Revolucion, and a fourth room is used for displays of contemporary art. The centre of the tower houses the elevator and features walls decorated with quotes from Martí.
The monument houses a museum and a viewpoint 129 meters high from which you’ll enjoy amazing views over the city after climbing a 567-step staircase (the elevator costs 2 CUC).
On the ground floor of the monument you’ll find 79 of José Martí’s thoughts engraved in gold, spread out into five halls. Right in front of the monument there is a 17-meter tall marble statue depicting José Martí sitting, deep in thought.
The memorial was placed in here in 1958, and nowadays is surrounded by 6 pillars representing the old provinces Cuba was divided into, as well as the crest of each one.
According to en.wikipedia & tripcuba.org