Kavango–Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA TFCA) was a conservation proposal for a region of Southern Africa where the international borders of five countries converge. It was to include a major part of the Upper Zambezi River and Okavango basins and Delta, the Caprivi Strip of Namibia, the southeastern part of Angola, southwestern Zambia, the northern wildlands of Botswana and western Zimbabwe.
The centre of this area is at the confluence of the Zambezi and Chobe Rivers where the borders of Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe meet. It would have incorporated Chobe National Park, Hwange National Park, and the Victoria Falls.
The idea was initiated by the Peace Parks Foundation and the World Wide Fund for Nature. It was inspired by the Okavango–Upper Zambezi International Tourism Initiative and the Four Corners Transboundary Natural Resource Management.
The KAZA TFCA is the largest transfrontier conservation area in the world covering almost 520 000 km2 in Angola, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Namibia. Of this area, 371 394 km2 are under conservation. The remaining 148 520 km2 are mainly used for agricultural activities including rangeland.
The area hosts the largest elephant population in the world and about 25% of the global wild dog population. According to Fynn and Bonyongo, some parts of the KAZA TFCA belong to the last functional conservation areas in Africa, that include all functional resource gradients required for the seasonal large-scale migration of ungulate species between habitats.
According to nature