(Worldkings.org) Studies of the universe and its makeup generally conjure images of astronomers at telescopes, peering up at the galaxies, nebulas and stars scattered across the night sky. But to understand the decidedly less visible, but very important, parts of the universe, such as neutrinos and dark matter, scientists have to take a different approach — namely, by going underground. Of course, it is somewhat complicated to get underground, so scientists how have to get creative. Sometimes researchers work in repurposed mines. Others are required to drill big tunnels themselves to run particle accelerators or study nuclear fuel disposal. These are Top 5 Coolest Underground Science Labs.
WORLDKINGS - Worldkings News - Asia Records Institute (ASRI) - Kim Chuan Depot: The world's biggest underground depot
(WorldKings.org) The depot has a capacity to stable 70 trains and covers an area of more than 100,000 square metres, reaching a depth of 24 metres at some points. Specifically, the main depot floor is 800 metres in length, 160 metres in width and 23 metres in height.
WORLDKINGS - Worldkings News - Europe Records Institute (EURI) – Metropolitan Railway: World's first passenger-carrying designated underground railway
(Worldkings.org) It opened to the public on 10 January 1863 with gas-lit wooden carriages hauled by steam locomotives, the world's first passenger-carrying designated underground railway.
[Top 30 houses of worship with stunning architecture in the world] (P.16) Basilica of Saint Pius X: Underground Roman Catholic church
(WorldKings.org) The Basilica of St. Pius X is the largest and most controversial of the Domain's churches. It was completed in 1958 in anticipation of the enormous crowds expected in Lourdes for the centenary of the Apparitions. A modern, concrete building, it is almost entirely underground (part of the building lies beneath the Boulevard Père Rémi Sempé above).
[WORLDKINGS] The Constant World Records Seeking Journey (P.172) El Teniente (Chile): World's biggest underground copper mine
(Worldkings.org) El Teniente is currently the world's largest underground copper mine and one of the largest with a reserve of 443 ktonnes. It is located about 2,300 metres above sea level in the Andes of central Chile. On July 29th, 2021 World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared El Teniente as “World's biggest underground copper mine”.
WORLDKINGS - Worldkings News - Europe Records Institute (EURI) – Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso: World's largest underground research center
(Worldkings.org) It is devoted to neutrino and astroparticle physics, a worldwide research facility for scientists working in this field of research, where particle physics, cosmology and astrophysics meet.
[WORLDKINGS] The Constant World Records Seeking Journey (P.153) Growing Underground: World’s first underground farm
(Worldkings.org) Growing Underground was founded by Richard Ballard in 2012 and is headquartered in Clapham, York. On June 15th, 2021, World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared Growing Underground as “World’s first underground farm”.
WORLDKINGS - Worldkings News - Europe Records Institute (EURI) – Growing Underground: World’s first underground farm
(Worldkings.org) If you're heading to London and fancy taking in a tour with a difference, you can now visit the world’s first underground farm. The fully-working Growing Underground farm is located 33 metres beneath the busy streets of Clapham, in the abandoned tunnels of a former World War II air raid shelter.
WORLDKINGS - Worldkings News - America Records Institute (AMRI) – Robert-Bourassa generating station: World's largest underground power station
(Worldkings.org) The generating station itself is located 137.2 meters (450 ft) underground, 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) downstream from the main dam. It hosts 16 Francis turbines, set up in two groups of eight each.
[WORLDKINGS] The Constant World Records Seeking Journey (P.107) Sifto Salt Mine – World's largest underground salt mine
(WorldKings.org) The Sifto Salt Mine produces over 7 million tons of rock salt annually, which is enough to meet the demand in the Great Lakes region. Stretching over 1.5 miles wide, 2 miles long, and covering an area of 2.7 million squares miles, World Records Union (WorldKings) officially declared Sifto Salt Mine as "World's largest underground salt mine ".