WORLDKINGS - Worldkings News - Asia Records Institute (ASRI) – Sihwa Lake Tidal Power Station: World's largest tidal power installation

13-01-2021

(Worldkings.org) The tidal barrage makes use of a seawall constructed in 1994 for flood mitigation and agricultural purposes. Ten 25.4 MW submerged bulb turbines are driven in an unpumped flood generation scheme; power is generated on tidal inflows only, and the outflow is sluiced away, i.e. as one-way power generation.

Sihwa Lake Tidal Power Station is the world's largest tidal power installation, with a total power output capacity of 254 MW. When completed in 2011, it surpassed the 240 MW Rance Tidal Power Station which was the world's largest for 45 years. It is operated by the Korea Water Resources Corporation.

Design

The tidal barrage makes use of a seawall constructed in 1994 for flood mitigation and agricultural purposes. Ten 25.4 MW submerged bulb turbines are driven in an unpumped flood generation scheme; power is generated on tidal inflows only, and the outflow is sluiced away, i.e. as one-way power generation. This slightly unconventional and relatively inefficient approach has been chosen to balance a complex mix of existing land use, water use, conservation, environmental and power generation considerations.

The station's mean operating tidal range is 5.6 m, with a spring tidal range of 7.8 m. The working basin area was originally intended to be 43 km2 and has been reduced by land reclamation and freshwater dykes to 30 km2.

Construction

The power station was built in 2011 and started to operate in 2012. The project cost US$560 million was borne by the South Korean Government.

According to en.wikipedia


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