Ras Laffan Industrial City is an industrial hub located 80 kilometres north of Doha, Qatar. It is administrated by Qatar Petroleum.
Ras Laffan Industrial City is the Qatar's main site for production of liquefied natural gas and gas-to-liquid. It hosts among others ORYX GTL and Pearl GTL plants, Qatargas and RasGas LNG plants, the Dolphin gas processing plant, the Laffan Refinery, and Ras Laffan A, B, and C integrated water and power plants.
With an enclosed water area of approximately 4,500 hectares Ras Laffan Port is the largest artificial harbour in the world and contains the world's largest LNG export facility.
The earliest-known English text to describe Ras Laffan was in the 1890 book The Persian Gulf Pilot, published by the Britain Hydrographic Dept. It recounts only geographic features, inferring that the area was not settled at the time. In an early 1904 transcript of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman and Central Arabia by John G. Lorimer, it is mentioned that a pearling bank known as Umm Al Shebh is found off the coast of Ras Laffan, although Lorimer provides no description of Ras Laffan itself.
Ras Laffan's commission in 1996 marks the completion date for the city's first liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant to convert the natural gas obtained from North Field into LNG. At first, it was estimated that only 106 square km would be needed for industrial operations. However, in 2004, this figure was more than drastically increased, to 296 square km.
According to en.wikipedia