WORLDKINGS - Worldkings News - Asia Records Institute (ASRI) – Enheduanna: The first named author in world history

11-10-2021

(WorldKings.org) Enheduanna composed 42 hymns addressed to temples across Sumer and Akkad including Eridu, Sippar and Esnunna. The texts are reconstructed from 37 tablets from Ur and Nippur, most of which date to the Ur III and Old Babylonian periods.

Enheduanna is the earliest known poet whose name has been recorded. She was the High Priestess of the goddess Inanna and the moon god Nanna (Sīn). She lived in the Sumerian city-state of Ur.

Ur was an important Sumerian city-state in ancient Mesopotamia, located at the site of modern "Tell el-Muqayyar" in south Iraq's Dhi Qar Governorate.

Enheduanna's contributions to Sumerian literature, definitively ascribed to her, include several personal devotions to Inanna and a collection of hymns known as the "Sumerian Temple Hymns". Further additional texts are ascribed to her. This makes her the first named author in world history.

In 1927, British archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley discovered the Enheduanna calcite disc in excavations of the Sumerian city of Ur. The figure of Enheduanna is placed prominently on the disc, emphasizing her importance.

Enheduanna composed 42 hymns addressed to temples across Sumer and Akkad including Eridu, Sippar and Esnunna. The texts are reconstructed from 37 tablets from Ur and Nippur, most of which date to the Ur III and Old Babylonian periods. This collection is known generally as 'The Sumerian Temple Hymns'.

The temple hymns were the first collection of their kind; in them Enheduanna states: "My king, something has been created that no one has created before." The copying of the hymns indicates the temple hymns were in use long after Enheduanna's death and were held in high esteem.

The majority of Enheduanna's work is available in translation at the Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature. In 2015, the International Astronomical Union named a crater on Mercury after Enheduanna.

 

According to wikipedia


Brian (Collect & Edit) - WORLDKINGS (Source of photos : internet )

 

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